Quick Answer: What Does A Colon Do Grammar?

When should you not use a colon?

1.

Do not use a colon in a complete sentence after phrases such as “such as,” “including,” and “for example.” Because phrases like these already indicate to the reader that a list of examples will follow, there is no need to introduce them with a colon, which would merely be redundant..

How do you use a semicolon in a list examples?

This time, the list items themselves contain commas. It is now appropriate to use semicolons as separators to outrank those commas. For example: I have been to Newcastle, Carlisle, and York in the North; Bristol, Exeter, and Portsmouth in the South; and Cromer, Norwich, and Lincoln in the East.

Can you use semicolons twice in a sentence?

1 Answer. In general, for use in a list – yes. For use in linking sentences – no.

What must a full sentence include?

Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in either a full stop, exclamation or question mark. A complete sentence always contains a verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone.

How do you use a colon?

Common uses of colonsTo announce, introduce, or direct attention to a list, a noun or noun phrase, a quotation, or an example/explanation. You can use a colon to draw attention to many things in your writing. … To join sentences. … To express time, in titles, and as part of other writing conventions.

When to use a colon or a semicolon?

Semicolons should introduce evidence or a reason for the preceding statement; for example, this sentence appropriately uses a semicolon. A colon, on the other hand, should be used for a stronger, more direct relationship. It should provide emphasis, an example, or an explanation.

Where do you put a semicolon in a sentence?

A semicolon is most commonly used to link (in a single sentence) two independent clauses that are closely related in thought. When a semicolon is used to join two or more ideas (parts) in a sentence, those ideas are then given equal position or rank.

Do you use a semicolon after for example?

Use a semicolon before such words and terms as namely, however, therefore, that is, i.e., for example, e.g., for instance, etc., when they introduce a complete sentence. It is also preferable to use a comma after these words and terms. Example: Bring any two items; however, sleeping bags and tents are in short supply.

What is a colon example?

A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence. Example: He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.

Do you use a colon before a list?

Colons with Lists. Use a colon before a list when the list is preceded by a complete independent clause. Never use a colon to separate a preposition from its objects or a verb from its complements.

How do you use a colon and semicolon?

Colons (:) are used in sentences to show that something is following, like a quotation, example, or list. Semicolons (;) are used to join two independent clauses, or two complete thoughts that could stand alone as complete sentences.

How do you use a colon in a list examples?

Use a colon to introduce an item or list, if the list comes after a complete sentence or independent clause. For example: There are three things every dog needs: food, water and healthcare.

How do you not use a semicolon?

DO NOT use the semicolon in the following cases: To introduce a list (use a colon instead). Between complete sentences joined by and, nor, but, or, yet, so (coordinating conjunctions). Between a dependent clause and the rest of the sentence.

Can you use a colon and semicolon in the same sentence?

Colons and semicolons can be used in the same sentence, but they are each used for different purposes. … In this example, the colon is used to introduce the cities.

What is the difference between a colon and a comma?

Rule: Use a comma between two long independent clauses when conjunctions such as and, or, but, for, nor connect them. … Rule: Use the semicolon if you have two independent clauses connected without a conjunction.

What are semicolons commas?

A semicolon is used to separate two ideas (two independent clauses) that are closely related. They can also be used when listing complex ideas or phrases that use commas within them. Essentially, a semicolon is like a comma with more meaning or a colon with more flexibility.

Can you use a colon for a list of two things?

Introducing a list. The colon is used to introduce a list of items. The bookstore specializes in three subjects: art, architecture, and graphic design. Do not, however, use a colon when the listed items are incorporated into the flow of the sentence.